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社交媒体如何加剧美国政治两极分化(英)

  • 时间:2021 年
  • 分类:其它
  • 页数:32
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icon 社交媒体如何加剧美国政治两极分化(英)

社交媒体如何加剧美国政治两极分化(英)
Fueling the Fire: How Social Media Intensifies U.S. Political Polarization – And What Can Be Done About It PAUL M. BARRETT, JUSTIN HENDRIX, and J. GRANT SIMS Center for Business and Human Rights September 2021 Contents Executive Summary..................................................................................... 1 Introduction................................................................................................. 3 Part 1: Assessing the Research on Social Media and Polarization................ 6 Sidebar: Race, Realignment, and Cable TV............................................. 8 Part 2: Asymmetric Polarization and its Consequences............................. 15 Sidebar: Lessons From Abroad............................................................. 18 Part 3: Conclusion and Recommendations................................................ 22 Endnotes................................................................................................... 27 Appendix: People Interviewed for This Report............................................ 29 Authors Paul M. Barrett is deputy director of the NYU Stern Center for Business and Human Rights and an adjunct professor at the NYU School of Law. Justin Hendrix is an associate research scientist and adjunct professor at NYU Tandon School of Engineering and the CEO and editor of Tech Policy Press, a nonprofit media venture concerned with the intersection of technology and democracy. J. Grant Sims is a Ropes & Gray research fellow at the NYU Stern Center for Business and Human Rights. Acknowledgments We are grateful to Craig Newmark Philanthropies and the Open Society Foundations for their continued support of our work on the technology sector. Executive Summary “ Determining the actual relationship between social media and partisan animosity is important and urgent because the current extreme level of divisiveness in the United States is having pernicious consequences. ” Some critics of the social media industry contend that widespread use of Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube has contributed to increased political polarization in the United States. But Facebook, the largest social media platform, has disputed this contention, saying that it is unsupported by social science research. Determining whether social media plays a role in worsening partisan animosity is important because political polarization has pernicious consequences. In the U.S., where partisan divisiveness has reached new extremes, these consequences include declining trust in fellow citizens and major institutions; erosion of democratic norms like respect for elections; loss of faith in the existence of commonly held facts; and political viole...
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